The first National Olympic Committees were created in Greece and France in 1894, when the International Olympic Committee was founded by Pierre de Coubertin. At the beginning, most of the NOCs were only temporary structures, the activity being quadrennial, not necessarily justifying a permanent institution. For example, the Athens Olympics in 1896 brought together only 241 athletes from 14 countries.
Then, faced with the development of the Games (those in Paris in 1900 brought together 997 athletes including 22 women) and their growing internationalization, the Organizing Committee for the Stockholm 1912 Games was led from 1910 to ask " to the members of the International Committee (…) to form National Committees capable of ensuring the participation of their fellow citizens in the competitions of the V Olympiad ". In fact, these were the first Games bringing together athletes from five continents.
In the Principality, the Pontifical Count Albert Gautier-Vignal had drafted in 1907 the creation of the Monegasque Olympic Committee and in 1908, just before the London Games, Monaco became the 25th member nation of the IOC.
It was not until 1937 that the IOC recognized that “ invitations to the Games are sent by the OCOG to all countries in general and first and foremost to those in which regularly constituted NOCs operate And 1972 to include a Chapter dedicated to the NOCs in the Olympic Charter.
Since the Varna Congress in 1973, nearly twenty years after the Monegasque Olympic Committee was established under the Patronage of HSH Prince Rainier III by Sovereign Order n ° 688 of December 31, 1952, the International Sports Federations, the NOCs and the IOC form the three pillars of the Olympic Movement.
According to Article 27 of the Olympic Charter currently in force, the NOCs have the mission of developing, promoting and protecting the Olympic Movement in their respective countries, and the role of:
. Promote the fundamental principles and values of Olympism in their countries, especially in the fields of sport and education, by supporting Olympic education programs at all levels in schools, sports education institutions and physics and universities, as well as by encouraging the creation of institutions devoted to Olympic education and other programs, in particular cultural, in relation to the Olympic Movement;
- Ensure respect for the Olympic Charter in their country;
- Encourage the development of high level sport as well as sport for all;
- Help the training of sports executives by organizing courses and ensure that these courses contribute to the propagation of the fundamental principles of Olympism;
- Act against all forms of discrimination and violence in sport;
- Adopt and implement the World Anti-Doping Code;
- Encourage and support measures relating to the medical care and health of athletes.
The Monegasque Olympic Committee, chaired by HSH Prince Albert II, member of the IOC, includes all the national federations affiliated to the IFs governing sports included in the program of the Olympic Games or their representatives and elected representatives of the athletes, who must have taken part. at the Olympic games.
They may also include as members: national federations affiliated to IFs recognized by the IOC and whose sports are not included in the program of the Olympic Games; multisport groups and other sports organizations, or their representatives, as well as persons possessing the nationality of the country and likely to reinforce the effectiveness of the NOC having rendered eminent services to the cause of sport and Olympism.
Louis II stadium, 7 avenue des Castelans
MC 98000 Monaco
Telephone: +377 92.05.71.67
Fax: +377 92.05.71.68.